THE PRESENT PERFECT : EXERCICES

En cas d'exercice immédiat, le flux est nul (strike = spot). .... The above graph illustrates the behaviour of both call and put option deltas as they shift from .... marchés, et il est ensuite corrigé avec des nombreuses outils et techniques de trading.



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THE PRESENT PERFECT : EXERCICES
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1/ TRANSLATE INTO ENGLISH :
(Choose either the preterite or the present perfect.)
- Je les ai vus au cinéma hier.
- Il n'a jamais vécu ici.
- Je les connais depuis qu'ils sont arrivés ici en 1980.
- Je ne l'ai pas rencontré depuis 2 ans.
- J'ai travaillé avec lui pendant 5 ans.
- Il ne mange plus depuis qu'il est malade.
2/ PUT INTO THE PRESENT PERFECT (+ALWAYS) :
(Modify to make sense)
Ex : I bought new books yesterday. --> I'VE always BOUGHT new books. 1/ I read that book last year.
2/ I had to work late yesterday.
3/ He'll learn his lessons by heart.
4/ She's still causing trouble.
5/ She never drinks any wine.
6/ They'll be late, as usual.
7/ Will you stay there again ?
8/ I'll spend some time in Germany at Easter.
9/ You'll recover, won't you ?
10/It's so difficult now.
3/ USE EITHER THE PRESENT PERFECT OR THE PRETERITE :
1/ I (to get) that letter 2 days ago.
2/ They (to break) one more plate. Look !
3/ It (to be) always hard to choose the right tense.
4/ I (to meet) that girl last year.
5/ Show me what you (to buy) for her birthday. I know you have it.
6/ She (to see) her present yet ? (yet = déjà)
7/ Dad always (to tell) funny stories.
8/ Stan (to come) here just before you (to leave).
9/ You (to finish) ?
1.Complétez les phrases à l'aide du temps approprié
1. We ________ (to watch) TV all the night.
2. When I was a child, I _______ (to hate) fish.
3. You can't run because you ______________ (to eat) too much.
4. _______ you _________ (to live) here for long ?
5. My father _______ (to be) ill for five days.
6. I __________ (to work) hard this week.
7. Last year, we ______ (voyager) in Spain. Correction :
1/ TRANSLATE INTO ENGLISH :
- I saw them at the cinema yesterday.
- He has never lived here.
- I have known them since they arrived here in1980.
- I have not met him for (the last) two years.
- I worked with him for five years.
- He has not eaten since he has been (was taken) ill.
2/ PUT INTO THE PRESENT PERFECT (+ "ALWAYS") :
- I have always read (a lot of) books.
- I have always worked late.
- He has always learnt his lessons by heart.
- She has always caused trouble.
- She has always drunk wine.
- They have always been late.
- Have you always stayed there ?
- I have always spent (some) time in Germany at Easter.
- You have always recovered, haven't you ?
- It has always been so difficult.
3/ USE EITHER THE PRESENT PERFECT OR THE PRETERITE :
- I got that letter two days ago.
- They have broken one more plate. Look !
- It has always been hard to choose the right tense.
- I met that girl last year.
- Show me what you have bought for her birthday. I know you have it.
- Has she seen her present yet ?
- Dad (has) always told funny stories. (S'il est décédé, on mettra le
prétérit ou la forme fréquentative.)
- Stan came here just before you left.
- Have you finished ?
FOR-SINCE-AGO : EXERCICES
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1/ UTILISER LA PARTICULE QUI CONVIENT :
- I had lunch with Betty (three days). We had hamburgers.
- Nobody has seen them (8 o'clock this morning).
- She has been working (8 hours).
- How long is it (we last met) ?
- she had an accident (4 years). She still suffers from her injuries.
- They have not had any accident (they bought their car).
- He drove without stopping (3 hours), but ran out of petrol.
- There were lots of people in town (2 days), when I went shopping.
- It's 4 weeks (I lost my dog).
- Never before have I been waiting (such a long time).
2/ CHOISIR LE TEMPS QUI CONVIENT (ET L'ASPECT) :
(Rappel : l'aspect est la forme simple ou progressive du verbe)
- We (to stand) in this queue for twenty minutes, now.
- Mr Nicholson (to die) three days ago.
- My family (to live) in this place since I was ten.
- It's so long since I last (to see) her !
- ...you (to see) the dog anywhere ? I can't find him.
- I (to look) for my glasses for ten minutes, yesterday.
- They (to leave) a minute before she came in.
- Maggy (not to call) me on the phone for two weeks.
- What ... she (to do) since I left her ?
- She (to go) back home an hour ago.
3/ CONSTRUIRE DES PHRASES CONTENANT FOR, SINCE ou AGO
A PARTIR DES ENONCES SUIVANTS :
- Jane was appointed personnel manager in 1987.
- They last went on holidays in 1988.
- Three months elapsed before she heard of him again.
- Two years is a long time when you are waiting for promotion.
- It's an eight-month sabbatical I obtained instead of one full year.
- He stayed in New York. Then he was called back three months later.
- He was appointed ambassador, so his wife had to give up her job.
- His brother was there. He had come as soon as he had been warned.
- He had met her when a student. He had not seen her after graduating.
Correction :
1/ UTILISER LA PARTICULE QUI CONVIENT :
- I had lunch with Betty three days ago. We had hamburgers.
- Nobody has seen them since 8 o'clock this morning.
- She has been working for 8 hours.
- How long is it since we last met ?
- She had an accident four years ago. She still suffers from her injuries.
- They have not had any accident since they bought their car.
- He drove without stopping for three hours, but ran out of petrol.
- There were lots of people in town two days ago, when I went shopping.
- It's four weeks since I lost my dog.
- Never before have I been waiting for such a long time.
2/ CHOISIR LE TEMPS QUI CONVIENT (ET L'ASPECT) :
- We have been standing in this queue for twenty minutes, now.
- Mr Nicholson died three days ago.
- My family has been living in this place since I was ten.
- It's so long since I last saw her !
- Have you seen the dog anywhere ? I can't find him.
- I looked for my glasses for ten minutes, yesterday.
- They left a minute before she came in.
- Maggy has not called (did not call) me on the phone for two weeks.
- What has she done (been doing) since I left her ?
- She went back home an hour ago.
3/ CONSTRUIRE DES PHRASES CONTENANT FOR, SINCE ou AGO :
- Jane has been personnel manager since 1987.
- They have not been on holidays since1988.
- She had not heard of him for three months.
(le temps de référence est le passé.)
- Waiting for promotion for two years is a long time.
- I expected to go on a sabbatical for a full year and I only obtained 8
months. (d'autres solutions étaient possibles.)
- He had stayed (been staying) in New York for three months when he was
sent to Connecticut.
- His wife has been jobless since he was appointed ambassador.
- His brother had been there since he had been warned.
- He had not seen her since he had graduated.
- He had never been able to speak properly since his accident.
Remarque :
1- la forme progressive n'est pas obligatoire mais meilleure pour indiquer
une action ininterrompue.
2- Dans la phrase commençant par "Maggy...", les deux temps sont corrects
car, hors contexte, rien ne précise si le temps de référence est le présent
ou le passé.
PRESENT SIMPLE/PROGRESSIF
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1/ METTRE LE VERBE ENTRE PARENTHESES A L'ASPECT VOULU
(aspect = forme simple ou progressive)
- You never (to stay) long.
- She seldom (to go) to the library in the morning.
- How often you (to take) tests ?
- I assume you (to come back) home presently.
- Tell me what time you (to leave) tomorrow.
- He (to think) of buying a new car.
- They (to have) lunch at the moment.
- You (to enjoy) the disco ? It's great, isn't it ?
- The exercise (to come) to an end.
2/ MEME EXERCICE
- Don't tell me you (think) of changing your car !
- I (consider) she's too young for marrying.
- You (expect) to see them when they (come) ?
- Dad (consider) buying more shares of the company.
- She (be) silly.That happens when she's been drinking.
- I not (see) her any more.
- She (scowl) whenever he (watch) another girl.
- He always (tell) tales. It (become) a nuisance.
- You (feel) sober now ?
- How you (feel) about going for a walk ?
3/ TRANSFORMER LA PHRASE POUR UTILISER UN PRESENT SIMPLE
(Justifier en modifiant ou en complétant les phrases)
- We're not serving breakfast at the moment, sir.
- Leave hime alone ! He is thinking.
- She is being funny. How ridiculous !
- What are you doing here ?
- I'm telling her about you.
- Are the Perrens coming to tea on Thursday?
- Where is she hiding again ?
- Your parents are calling you. Can't you hear ?
- That's worrying me.
- What are you shouting for ?

Correction :
1/ METTRE LE VERBE ENTRE PARENTHESES A L'ASPECT VOULU
- You never stay long.
- She seldom goes to the library in the morning.
- How often do you take tests ?
- I assume you are coming home presently.
- Tell me what time you are leaving tomorrow.
- He is thinking of buying a new car.
- They are having lunch at the moment.
- Are you enjoying the disco ? It's great, isn't it ?
- The exercise is coming to an end.
2/ MEME EXERCICE
- Don't tell me you are thinking of changing your car.
- I consider she is too young for marrying.
- Do you expect to see them when they come ?
- Dad is considering buying more shares of the company.
- She is being silly. That happens when she has been drinking.
- I am not seeing her any more. / I don't see her any more.
- She scowls whenever he watches another girl.
- He is always telling tales. It is becoming a nuisance.
- Are you feeling sober now ?
- How do you feel about going for a walk ?
3/ TRANSFORMER LA PHRASE POUR UTILISER UN PRESENT SIMPLE
(La suite explicative n'a qu'un intérêt illustratif, on peut choisir autre
chose.
Il s'agit d'ajouter un élément indiquant la fréquence ou, pour les verbes
autres que les verbes d'action, indiquer qu'il ne s'agit pas d'un état
passager.)
- We never serve breakfast after 11.30, sir.
- Leave him alone ! He thinks he has been victimized.
- She is funny. It's a real talent she has. And you are ridiculous !
- What do you do here all the time ?
- I tell her about everyone that might be a help to her.
- Do the Perrens come to tea every Saturday ?
- Where does she hide whenever someone calls up ?
- Your parent
....